What would be an appropriate recommendation to improve the nutritional status of a patient who has cirrhosis?
Cirrhotic patients are almost always on a low-sodium diet if they have decompensated disease with ascites. It is important that patients be educated regarding a low-sodium diet, especially patients with poorly responsive ascites. In addition, cirrhotic patients need adequate protein intake to prevent muscle wasting.
What can you eat with cirrhosis?
to eat a late-evening snack high in carbohydrate to help support your liver during the night. poultry, fish, eggs and cheese are good sources of protein as an alternative to red meat. starchy foods such as potatoes, rice, pasta and cereals help to provide energy slowly over a longer period.
Which diet instruction does the nurse give to a patient with active hepatitis?
The client with hepatitis should avoid all alcohol as well as hepatotoxic medications such as acetaminophen unless instructed otherwise by the provider. The diet should be high in carbohydrates with moderate fat and moderate protein content.
Which outcome would indicate that a client with advanced cirrhosis is experiencing a serious complication?
The nurse cares for a patient with advanced cirrhosis. What indicates that the patient is experiencing a serious complication? The liver produces clotting factors. As cirrhosis becomes more advanced, the production of clotting factors is disrupted and thereby decreased, making the patient more susceptible to bleeding.
Can you live a long life with cirrhosis?
Most patients are able to live a normal life for many years. The outlook is less favorable if liver damage is extensive or if someone with cirrhosis does not stop drinking. People with cirrhosis usually die of bleeding that can’t be stopped, serious infections or kidney failure.
What is the best supplement for liver cirrhosis?
Supplementing with milk thistle may protect liver cells and improve function. An extract of milk thistle (Silybum marianum) that is high in a flavonoid compound known as silymarin may improve liver function and increase survival in people with cirrhosis.
How do you know what stage of cirrhosis you have?
Some symptoms that can indicate the advanced stages of chronic liver failure include:
- yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
- easy bruising or bleeding.
- feeling confused or disoriented.
- buildup of fluid in your abdomen, arms, or legs.
- darkening of your urine.
- severe skin itching.
Which fruit is best for liver?
Citrus fruits like lemon, grapefruit, oranges, et al are rich in vitamin C content and antioxidants that are known to be powerful liver-cleansers. They also boost the production of liver detoxifying enzymes.
Is cheese bad for liver?
Milk and other low-fat dairy to protect from damage
Dairy is high in whey protein, which may protect the liver from further damage, according to a 2011 study in rats.
What complications are associated with cirrhosis of the liver select all that apply?
Complications of cirrhosis can include:
- High blood pressure in the veins that supply the liver (portal hypertension). …
- Swelling in the legs and abdomen. …
- Enlargement of the spleen (splenomegaly). …
- Bleeding. …
- Infections. …
- Malnutrition. …
- Buildup of toxins in the brain (hepatic encephalopathy). …
Which factors may lead to the development of hepatic encephalopathy in a patient with cirrhosis?
Factors that may precipitate hepatic encephalopathy include a high-protein diet, infections, hypovolemia, hypokalemia, and constipation. GI bleeding that causes a large protein load in the intestine, and medications such as hypnotics, opioids, sedatives, analgesics, and diuretics also contribute to encephalopathy.
Which factors may lead to the development of hepatic encephalopathy in a patient with cirrhosis select all that apply?
What factors may lead to hepatic encephalopathy in the patient? Select all that apply. Decreased fluid volume, constipation, and gastrointestinal bleeding may cause hepatic encephalopathy in patients with cirrhosis. Other causes include a high-protein diet and decreased serum potassium levels.
What are the precautions that nurses and hospital staff should follow while handling patients suffering from hepatitis infections Select all that apply?
What are the precautions that nurses and hospital staff should follow while handling patients suffering from hepatitis infections? Select all that apply. The patient must be in a private room, and door should be closed. Dispose of the needles and syringes used on the patient carefully.